Glossary of terms used on this site

We've assembled this glossary of terms to help you better understand pilates practices.

There are 12 entries in this glossary.
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Term Definition
central nervous system

Comprised of the brain and spinal cord, the central nervous system sends and receives all messages that control body function.


regions of the spineThe cervical area of the spine is the neck region, and contains 6 of the 23 discs in the spine.



Collagen is a body component made up of amino acids, which form together to make protein. 

CT scan

A CT scan or CAT scan is computerized axial tomography scan (CAT scan) wherein a series of X-ray images are taken from different angles and computer processed to create cross-sectional images, or slices, of the bones, blood vessels and soft tissues inside your body.


A spinal disc is located between two vertebrae and provides cushioning between the bones. A disc allows slight movement of the vertebrae, and acts as a ligament to hold the vertebrae together. The role as discs as shock absorbers in the spine is crucial.




Fascia are the connective tissues holding the musculoskeletal system together.


Flexibility is the range of motion of body tissues around a specific joint, and is determined by the elasticity of the muscles and ligaments of the joint. It is a major component of body health, as the ability to move easily and without pain (being flexibile) determines how active a person will be. Exercise programs such as yoga and pilates, as well as chiropractic care can improve a person's flexibility after injury or lack of use.


Joan is a certified Pilates instructor with over 20 years experience as a yoga and pilates instructor. Her classes and sessions are infused with energy and humour, gently moving you towards better movement, flexibility and strength. Joan educates as she instructs, helping students to understand their movement patterns and how to change for improved health.

Come in and meet Joan today. A breathe of fresh air for your health care.Joan pilates


regions of the spineThe lumbar region contains only 5 vertebra, located in the lower back (lumbar region). These five vertebrae carry the weight of the upper body and therefore are quite thick and broad, in comparsion to the cervical vertebra.


This is the framework that supports and moves your body - your muscles + bones + attachments (ligaments, tendons, cartilage)

resistance training

Training that increases your muscle strength by working them against a force. This can use weights, resistance bands or working against your body weight.

For more information, see


regions of the spineThe thoracic region of the spine contains 12 of the 23 vertebrae, located in the middle back region.

Primarily identified as being between the shoulder blades.